Navigation

INTERNAL LINKS

EXTERNAL LINKS

User login


CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

The quality of social housing in the city of Querétaro results from two different processes of construction.

Our thesis focused on studying both processes of housing production from three different perspectives: the organizational, the urban and the architectural areas of social housing.

We furthermore studied the history of the development of social housing in Mexico which also includes the history of the development of those two methods of housing production.

From an organizational perspective, we learned that different typologies are the result of different organizational models, each of the models currently in use have proven unique capabilities.

Each model follows a different approach yet both of them have clearly positive and negative aspects which should be considered if we want to learn from these.

Two of the most important qualities which social housing must offer are an affordable cost and a strategical location of the dwellings. The choice of the land must be appropriate.

One of the biggest flaws in both processes is the location which usually has economic reasons but this makes their existence more difficult in the future.

Even if land is cheaper in distant locations, there are other costs which increase drastically with a remote location. These costs include loss of time and transportation, which in the end turn to be much more expensive than the cost of building in more central locations.

In relation to the cost of social housing we have reached the following conclusions: self-help building has proven to be one of the cheapest ways of construction, yet many of the costs can be drastically reduced by industrializing specific parts of the process.

FORMAL HOUSING

Informality appears in the economy sector: A big number of employment in the city is in the informal sector, in small and micro enterprises. Also in the construction sector informal building has efficiently supplied the people with flexible typologies based on a traditional courtyard house. The houses of low-income population serve not only for living, but also for economic livelihood. We should learn from informality and use it as a constructive urban condition and coordinate frameworks and tools to deal with this urban phenomenon.

DEVELOPER DRIVEN FORMAL HOUSING

This type of urbanization is destined to the simple construction of housing. There is no zoning, no planning for educational, commercial or social infrastructure, very limited areas of public space, no integration with the metropolitan transport networks. The most critical point of this typologies is that there is no room for growth and transformation. projects in which developers are involved (developer driven mass housing) aren’t sustainable models as we already previously said. Developers are capable to improve the quality. They have the capital that the government doesn’t have and they work within a legal and a professional framework.

LEGAL INDUSTRY

1. Choose the land.
2. Generate a project.
3. Spend the capital.
4. Sell.
5. Recover of investment.
note: (the people are never
brought together)

ILLEGAL

1. Don t choose the land
2. Buy the land.
3. Self build a house in phases
4. Wait for the response from the government that provides with services and infrastructure

ORGANIZATIONAL PROCESS

OPTIMAL ORGANIZATIONAL PROCESS

1. Choose the appropriate land
2. Generate a project
3. Bring the people together and sell the project.
5. Financing with small savings through cooperatives and NGO’s
6. Start building
7. Recover the investment

URBANISM AND ARCHITECTURE

There is a need of qualified urban planning for an urban integration and consolidation of the suburbs of Queretaro. The future conditions of the suburbs of will depend in good part on planners’ and architects’ abilities to acknowledge the peoples needs. Optimize the resources of the people, the private and the public sector.

CITY CENTER

From history we have learned that the qualities which the historial downtown of Querétaro still possess are the result of a few simple rules which marked most mexican cities in the colonial period.

URBAN RULES

1 City Center. Short distances, patio houses and plazas

2 Suburban developments should provide dwellers with:

- Appropriate technical infrastructure
- Integration with city transport network
- Public and semipublic spaces
- Small industry, commercial complexes and offices

» printer-friendly version